Odisha was one of the first states in India to prepare a comprehensive and truly consultative state action plan on climate change by inviting diverse stakeholders in 2013-’14. Though there are no commitments towards net zero, the Government of Odisha has been actively involved in taking further steps towards climate change adaptation and mitigation due to the State’s geography resulting in increased vulnerability.

In furtherance of this commitment, the Odisha State Action Plan on Climate Change  (Phase-II) (SAPCC) was launched in 2018. The SAPCC focuses on adaptation and mitigation plans for the State, focusing on harmonising the high frequency of climate events with development goals. It depends heavily on its coal reserves to continue its growth streak.

The steps to transitioning into a net zero economy, particularly in a developing country like India, should be conscious of the inequitable burdens carried by vulnerable communities. Eliminating and mitigating carbon emissions should not be at the cost of increased harm to these communities. This aspect of a just transition is explored by analysing the various opportunities unique to Odisha. We identify that investing further in the renewable energy sector is imperative to the State. It can also add additional value to the economy with better employment and entrepreneurial opportunities.